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Thursday, 2 January 2014

Go birdwatching on a bus to see waterbirds if you want to catch a glimpse before they fly away.

Article title:
Buses, Cars, Bicycles and Walkers: The Influence of the Type of Human Transport on the Flight Responses of Waterbirds

A total of 730 experiments monitored 39 species of waterbird, using five stimulus types (single walker, three walkers, bicycle, car and bus) that were selected to match different management options available to those organising viewing at Birdwatching resources.
By monitoring the flight-initiation distances (FID) the results indicated that vehicular approach gave the shortest FID. The distance at which the bird walked, swam, dived, or flew away in response to the approach was recorded as the FID. The mean FIDs for each stimulus type, across those 39 species, were: walker, 67.6±37.5 m; three walkers, 92.3±67.7 m; bicycle, 67.7±37.1 m; car, 59.5±37.7 m; and bus, 81.2±96.5 m.


Estimated marginal means for the Flight-Initiation Distance of four species (black swan, Australian shelduck, chestnut teal and little pied cormorant) in response to five stimulus types.
Figures are derived from a General Linear Model which revealed a significant interaction between species and stimulus type. Values are estimated marginal means ± 95% C.I.




PLoS One. 2013; 8(12): e82008.
Published online December 18th 2013
PMCID: PMC3867343
Emily M. McLeod,1
Patrick-Jean Guay,1,2 
Alice J. Taysom,1 
Randall W. Robinson,1 
Michael A. Weston, 3,*

1 Applied Ecology Research Group and Institute for Sustainability and Innovation, College of Engineering and Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
2 College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
3 Centre for Integrative Ecology, Faculty of Science, Engineering and the Built Environment, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Burwood, Australia
Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, France
* E-mail: mweston/at/deakin.edu.au

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